Year : 2020  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 117-120

Acupuncture in the treatment of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: A brief review

1 Department of Urology, Tzaneion General Prefecture Hospital of Piraeus, Greece
2 Department of Chronic Pain Care, Tzaneion General Prefecture Hospital of Piraeus, Greece
3 Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy; Department of Human Structure and Repair, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

Correspondence Address:
Konstantinos Stamatiou
2 Salepoula Street, 18536 Piraeus
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/HUAJ.HUAJ_17_20

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Introduction/Aim: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) affects many adult men worldwide. It has been almost a decade since the introduction of acupuncture on CP/CPPS treatment. Since then, a number of studies have been performed. The aim of the study was to assess the effects and safety of the use of acupuncture for CP/CPPS. Materials and Methods: A systematic search was performed in electronic libraries for clinical trials, experimental studies, and systematic reviews on the topic using the terms: “chronic prostatitis,” “chronic pelvic pain syndrome,” “acupuncture” combined with the keywords: “treatment,” “efficacy,” and “safety,” in various combinations. In order to provide accurate conclusions, we evaluated only randomized studies focused on the effects and safety data of acupuncture in the treatment of CP/CPPS-related symptoms. Only trials performed in patients with confirmed CP/CPPS randomized with adequate methods and providing clear outcome reports were finally evaluated. Only full-text available papers written in the English language were considered. There was no restriction on publication date. Results: According to our research, 40 papers examining the role of the acupuncture in the treatment of CP/CPPS exist. Only 8 out of 40 fulfilled the above-mentioned criteria. Overall, evidence supports acupuncture as an effective treatment for CP/CPPS-induced symptoms, particularly in relieving pain. Regarding long-term responses without additional treatment, the examined studies provide inconsistent information. Moreover, evidence regarding urination problems is limited. Conclusion: Available data suggest that acupuncture treatment is able to decrease CP/CPPS related pain. Since it was associated with rare and slightly adverse events, it could be considered as a safe complementary therapeutic option for men with CP/CPPS.

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